Prognostic Significance of Remote Myocardium Alterations Assessed by Quantitative Noncontrast T1 Mapping in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Sebastian J. Reinstadler, Thomas Stiermaier, Johanna Liebetrau, Georg Fuernau, Charlotte Eitel, Suzanne de Waha, Steffen Desch, Jan Christian Reil, Janine Pöss, Bernhard Metzler, Christian Lücke, Matthias Gutberlet, Gerhard Schuler, Holger Thiele, Ingo Eitel*

*Corresponding author for this work
19 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: This study assessed the prognostic significance of remote zone native T1 alterations for the prediction of clinical events in a population with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who were treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) and compared it with conventional markers of infarct severity. Background: The exact role and incremental prognostic relevance of remote myocardium native T1 mapping alterations assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) after STEMI remains unclear. Methods: We included 255 consecutive patients with STEMI who were reperfused within 12 h after symptom onset. CMR core laboratory analysis was performed to assess left ventricular (LV) function, standard infarct characteristics, and native T1 values of the remote, noninfarcted myocardium. The primary endpoint was a composite of death, reinfarction, and new congestive heart failure within 6 months (major adverse cardiac events [MACE]). Results: Patients with increased remote zone native T1 values (>1,129 ms) had significantly larger infarcts (p = 0.012), less myocardial salvage (p = 0.002), and more pronounced LV dysfunction (p = 0.011). In multivariable analysis, remote zone native T1 was independently associated with MACE after adjusting for clinical risk factors (p = 0.001) or other CMR variables (p = 0.007). In C-statistics, native T1 of remote myocardium provided incremental prognostic information beyond clinical risk factors, LV ejection fraction, and other markers of infarct severity (all p < 0.05). The addition of remote zone native T1 to a model of prognostic CMR parameters (ejection fraction, infarct size, and myocardial salvage index) led to net reclassification improvement of 0.82 (95% confidence interval: 0.46 to 1.17; p < 0.001) and to an integrated discrimination improvement of 0.07 (95% confidence interval: 0.02 to 0.13; p = 0.01). Conclusions: In STEMI patients treated by PPCI, evaluation of remote zone alterations by quantitative noncontrast T1 mapping provided independent and incremental prognostic information in addition to clinical risk factors and traditional CMR outcome markers. Remote zone alterations may thus represent a novel therapeutic target and a useful parameter for optimized risk stratification. (Effect of Conditioning on Myocardial Damage in STEMI [LIPSIA-COND]; NCT02158468)

Original languageEnglish
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)411-419
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 01.03.2018

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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