Pemphigoid gestationis (PG) is an autoimmune pregnancy-associated subepidermal blistering disease. It usually affects skin and, rarely, mucous membranes. In the vast majority of patients with PG, the autoimmune response is directed to the membrane-proximal NC16A domain of the 180-kd bullous pemphigoid (BP) antigen (BP180) and is mediated by IgG1 and IgG3 autoantibodies. We report the case of a patient with PG associated with extensive lesions on oral mucous membranes. Immunoblotting studies demonstrated the presence of circulating IgA autoantibodies in the patient's serum that were exclusively directed to a 49 amino acid stretch on the C-terminal portion of the BP180 ectodomain located 800 amino acids downstream from NC16A. This C-terminal stretch of BP180 has previously been demonstrated to localize to the lamina lucida/lamina densa interface and to be recognized by IgG and IgA antibodies in a subgroup of patients with cicatricial pemphigoid as well as by IgG autoantibodies in some BP sera. Our patient's lesions healed without scarring within 6 weeks after delivery of a healthy child. The findings in this patient extend the clinical and immunopathologic spectrum of PG.