Background. Many new pharmaceuticals have recently been developed for gynecological endocrinology, assisted reproduction techniques (ART) and hormonal contraception, leading to a reevaluation of current treatment concepts. Objectives. This update provides new data on hormonal treatment of climacteric syndrome, endometriosis, fibroids, hormonal stimulation prior to ART and intrauterine hormonal contraception. Material and methods. A standard PubMed research has been performed. Furthermore, data from the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and information from pharmaceutical companies were included. Results. In the USA estrogen-free drugs, such as selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) are registered for treatment of diverse climacteric symptoms. Ulipristal can be used for fibroid treatment, leading to a postponement of surgical interventions with certain indications and dienogest is a potent gestagen for the treatment of endometriosis equivalent to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues for pain relief. Biosimilars for controlled ovarian stimulation in ART have been developed and will shortly be introduced into the market. Novel follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) molecules are being developed. Jaydess® is a small device with progestins for intrauterine contraception, allowing contraception for 3 years which is principally suitable even for nulliparae but not in primary indications. Conclusion. New alternatives in the treatment of climacteric syndrome avoid estrogen administration and might therefore lead to a reevaluation of the risks and benefits of hormonal therapy. Surgical interventions for endometriosis and fibroids will be further reduced. Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for ART can be planned with a larger variety of gonadotrophin preparations. Small intrauterine devices might open access to this type of hormonal contraception for women with previously difficult insertion of intrauterine devices.
|Translated title of the contribution||Pharmaceuticals update gynecological endocrinology, reproductive medicine and hormonal contraception|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 07.2014|