Persistent right umbilical vein: A prenatal condition worth mentioning?

J. Weichert*, D. Hartge, U. Germer, R. Axt-Fliedner, U. Gembruch

*Corresponding author for this work
16 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives To investigate the incidence and clinical impact of prenatally diagnosed persistent right umbilical vein (PRUV) in a referral population and to evaluate the findings together with those from previous publications. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of 39 cases with PRUV diagnosed in three tertiary referral centers for prenatal medicine between 1996 and 2009. Fetuses with situs inversus, situs ambiguous and heterotaxy (left and right isomerism) were excluded. During the study period 46 653 consecutive high- and low-risk pregnancies were examined. The prenatal sonograms and neonatal outcome data of affected individuals were reviewed. Our findings were analyzed together with findings retrieved from the scientific literature. Results Twenty-nine fetuses had an isolated PRUV as a single anomaly, whereas 10/39 (25.6%) were found to have PRUV accompanied by additional minor and major abnormalities. These anomalies comprised mainly cardiovascular, genitourinary and gastrointestinal malformations. In common with our series, previously published cases of isolated PRUV (n = 197) displayed an uneventful course of pregnancy and a favorable postnatal outcome. Sixty-six previously reported cases of PRUV with additional anomalies were identified in the literature. Intrahepatic umbilical drainage is the most frequent type of PRUV. Including our cases, there were 16 cases (5.3%) with extrahepatic drainage of PRUV, all of which had additional anomalies. Conclusions Consistent with previous reports, in the majority of cases (74.8%) PRUV is an isolated finding. While these cases carry an excellent prognosis, PRUV can be associated with severe congenital anomalies, so this finding should prompt detailed prenatal assessment of the fetus.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 01.05.2011


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