Perioperative image-adapted brachytherapy for the treatment of paranasal sinus and nasal cavity malignancies

Ingo U. Teudt*, Jens E. Meyer, Matthias Ritter, Barbara Wollenberg, Torsten Kolb, Steffen Maune, György Kovàcs

*Corresponding author for this work
10 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Sinonasal malignancies are a rare group of cancers often associated with late presentation and poor prognosis. In the past, there was little progress regarding survival rate, and often, multimodal treatment regimens are required. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of perioperative image-adapted brachytherapy (IABT) as part of a multidisciplinary treatment regimen for the therapy of sinonasal cancer. Methods and Materials: Since 2006, patients with sinonasal cancer at the University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein Campus Luebeck, Germany, were offered a multimodal treatment concept including head and neck surgery, perioperative IABT with or without external beam radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In a retrospective study, such patients were analyzed for survival rate, tumor control, and toxicity of the interdisciplinary treatment. Results: Thirty-five consecutive patients were analyzed. The majority of patients (63%) were treated for a primary tumor and 62% presented with tumor Stages III-IV. The mean follow-up time with IABT was 28months. Overall survival estimate was 72% after 3years. Disease-specific survival, disease-free survival, and local control rates were 83%, 63%, and 67%, respectively. On univariate analysis, a significant better disease-free survival rate was found in patients treated for primary, but not recurrent, sinonasal cancer (p=0.006). The overall treatment toxicities were mainly classified Grade I. Conclusions: Interdisciplinary perioperative IABT is associated with excellent locoregional control and survival rates. IABT is well tolerated and shows low toxicity. Furthermore, visual acuity can be preserved in advanced cases. The implementation of perioperative IABT into multimodal treatment regimens improves the oncologic outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)178-186
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 01.03.2014


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