Background: In response to tissue damage, angiogenesis is an extremely dynamic process that is finely regulated by signals from cells, the surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM), and derived mediators. As the only process, angiogenesis remains of decisive importance in the context of the entire wound healing process and is subject to constant change. The dissolution of the endothelial basement membrane, the migration of endothelial cells, and the development of new capillary vessels during wound healing depend not only on the cells and cytokines present, but also on the production and organization of ECM components in the immediate wound. Summary: Angiogenesis in wound healing can be divided into two main phases. During the pro-angiogenic phase at the beginning of wound healing, excessive neo-formation of blood vessels, some of which are poorly differentiated, occurs, which restore blood flow and thus nutritive perfusion as quickly as possible. This is followed by an anti-angiogenic phase in which the initially established vascular network undergoes a maturing process, which, however, is accompanied by a significant reduction in the number of vessels. Key Messages: Although many mechanisms and specific cell functions in wound healing have already been described, many underlying pathophysiological processes remain unknown. Because angiogenesis and its maturation is a very fast but also very long-lasting process, the understanding of the underlying mechanisms is of crucial importance. This article will give an overview of the current understanding and controversy in this sub-step of wound healing.
DFG Research Classification Scheme
- 205-27 Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Reconstructive Surgery