Pannexin 1 (Px1, Panx1) and pannexin 2 (Px2, Panx2) form largepore nonselective channels in the plasma membrane of cells and were suggested to play a role in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. To directly test a potential contribution of pannexins in ischemia-related mechanisms, we performed experiments in Px1 -/-, Px2 -/-, and Px1 -/-Px2 -/- knockout mice. IL-1β release, channel function in astrocytes, and cortical spreading depolarization were not altered in Px1 -/-Px2 -/- mice, indicating that, in contrast to previous concepts, these processes occur normally in the absence of pannexin channels. However, ischemia-induced dye release from cortical neurons was lower, indicating that channel function in Px1 -/-Px2 -/- neurons was impaired. Furthermore, Px1 -/-Px2 -/-mice had a better functional outcome and smaller infarcts than wild-type mice when subjected to ischemic stroke. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that Px1 and Px2 underlie channel function in neurons and contribute to ischemic brain damage.
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 20.12.2011|
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)