The aim of the study is to investigate which of two treatment options of saline lavage induced ARDS in rabbits is better in terms of oxygenation and prevention of barotrauma: combined high peak pressure ventilation with surfactant administration and inhaled nitric oxide or veno-venous ECMO combined with low peak inspiratory pressure ventilation. Materials and methods: After saline lavage (10 cc/kg repeated as long as foamy retrieval was observed) two combined therapeutic strategies were examined: ventilation with high inspiratory pressures (35 cm H2O) with additional exogenous surfactant administration (100 mg/kg) and inhaled nitric oxide (10 PPM) (n=5, group 1) and low inspiratory pressure (20 cm H2O) ventilation under veno-venous ECMO support (n=5, group 2). The FiO2 was maintained at 1.0 in both groups. The paO2/FiO2 ratio was calculated in 30 minute intervals for 4 hours. After that the animals were sacrificed and the lungs examined macro- and microscopically. Aeration was described in a semiquantitative method using the alveolar expansion index. Oxygenation in group 1 was significantly better than in group 2, it increased significantly after surfactant but not after additional nitric oxide administration. However, the lungs in group 1 showed severe signs of baro/ergotrauma (Hyaline membranes, air leaks, infiltration of polymorphonuclear (PMN) granulocytes and macrophages, break down of alveolar capillary membranes) after 4 hrs of combined therapy, whereas the lungs in group 2 appeared normal. Adding surfactant and NO to a high tidal volume ventilation improved oxygenation, but did not prevent baro/ergotrauma. Ventilation with low inspiratory pressures combined with ECMO caused little baro/ergotrauma but adequate oxygenation could not be achieved, probably due to anatomical features of the rabbit which do not allow appropriate blood flow within the ECMO-circuit.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)