Overarching control of autophagy and DNA damage response by CHD6 revealed by modeling a rare human pathology

Yulia Kargapolova*, Rizwan Rehimi, Hülya Kayserili, Joanna Brühl, Konstantinos Sofiadis, Anne Zirkel, Spiros Palikyras, Athanasia Mizi, Yun Li, Gökhan Yigit, Alexander Hoischen, Stefan Frank, Nicole Russ, Jonathan Trautwein, Bregje van Bon, Christian Gilissen, Magdalena Laugsch, Eduardo Gade Gusmao, Natasa Josipovic, Janine AltmüllerPeter Nürnberg, Gernot Längst, Frank J. Kaiser, Erwan Watrin, Han Brunner, Alvaro Rada-Iglesias, Leo Kurian, Bernd Wollnik, Karim Bouazoune, Argyris Papantonis

*Corresponding author for this work


Members of the chromodomain-helicase-DNA binding (CHD) protein family are chromatin remodelers implicated in human pathologies, with CHD6 being one of its least studied members. We discovered a de novo CHD6 missense mutation in a patient clinically presenting the rare Hallermann-Streiff syndrome (HSS). We used genome editing to generate isogenic iPSC lines and model HSS in relevant cell types. By combining genomics with functional in vivo and in vitro assays, we show that CHD6 binds a cohort of autophagy and stress response genes across cell types. The HSS mutation affects CHD6 protein folding and impairs its ability to recruit co-remodelers in response to DNA damage or autophagy stimulation. This leads to accumulation of DNA damage burden and senescence-like phenotypes. We therefore uncovered a molecular mechanism explaining HSS onset via chromatin control of autophagic flux and genotoxic stress surveillance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3014
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)3014
Publication statusPublished - 21.05.2021

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Medical Genetics


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