Outcome of elderly undergoing extracorporeal life support in refractory cardiogenic shock

Suzanne de Waha*, Tobias Graf, Steffen Desch, Georg Fuernau, Ingo Eitel, Janine Pöss, Alexander Jobs, Thomas Stiermaier, Jakob Ledwoch, Ariane Wiedau, Philipp Lurz, Gerhard Schuler, Holger Thiele

*Corresponding author for this work
7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The current study presents data from a real-world cohort of patients with refractory cardiogenic shock (CS) undergoing extracorporeal life support (ECLS) focusing on the comparison of elderly versus younger patients. Methods and results: One hundred consecutive patients with refractory CS underwent percutaneous ECLS implantation performed by interventional cardiologists. Follow-up was performed at hospital discharge as well as at a median of 18 months [interquartile range 15–36]. Patients were grouped according to median age (≤60 versus >60 years). ECLS could be weaned in more than half of the cohort (n = 56, 56%) with no differences between the age groups (p = 1.00). Despite similar rates of initial haemodynamic stabilisation, in-hospital mortality was higher in patients >60 years (82% versus 58%, p = 0.02). At mid-term follow-up, only three patients were alive in the group of patients >60 years. This resulted in a mortality rate of 94% in the elderly in comparison with 68% in patients aged ≤60 years (p = 0.001). Conclusions: Despite a high rate of initial successful ECLS weaning, mid-term prognosis of patients with CS undergoing ECLS above the age of 60 years is poor with superior results in patients aged ≤60 years.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Research in Cardiology
Volume106
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)379-385
Number of pages7
ISSN1861-0684
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.05.2017

Research Areas and Centers

  • Centers: Cardiological Center Luebeck (UHZL)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-12 Cardiology, Angiology

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