Orexin a suppresses the growth of rat C6 glioma cells via a caspase-dependent mechanism

Kaja Biegańska, Paulina Sokołowska, Olaf Jöhren, Jolanta B. Zawilska*

*Corresponding author for this work
15 Citations (Scopus)


Orexin A and orexin B (also known as hypocretins) are closely related peptides synthesized by hypothalamic neurons. They orchestrate diverse central and peripheral processes by stimulation of two G-protein coupled receptors, OX1R and OX2R. Recent studies have demonstrated the ability of orexins to promote a robust apoptosis in different cancer cells in culture and a potent growth reduction of human colon tumors in mice xenografts. Here we report effects of orexins on survival of rat C6 glioma cells, an experimental model for studies on glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Quantitative real-time PCR demonstrated the expression of both types of orexin receptors in C6 cells. Orexin A and orexin B did not affect rat C6 glioma cell proliferation as assessed by [3H]thymidine incorporation assay. Incubation of the cells with orexin A (0.001- 1 -M) resulted in a marked decrease of cell viability. The observed effect was caspase-dependent, as it was blocked by Z-VAD-fmk, a pan caspase inhibitor. In addition to that, a parallel increase in caspase-3 activity was observed. It is suggested that stimulation of orexin receptors induces death of rat C6 glioma cells through activation of caspase pathway.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)706-712
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 01.11.2012


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