Optical coherence tomography as an orientation guide in cochlear implant surgery?

Hans Wilhelm Pau*, Eva Lankenau, Tino Just, Detlef Behrend, Gereon Hüttmann

*Corresponding author for this work
32 Citations (Scopus)


Conclusion: With optical coherence tomography (OCT) it is basically possible to reveal parts of the cochlear morphology without opening its enveloping membranes. Thus, it may serve as a helpful guide for the surgeon to localize the scala tympani precisely before opening the fluid-filled inner ear to insert the electrode array. Objective: To improve anatomical orientation in cochlear implant surgery before definitively opening the fluid-filled inner ear. The question was whether a new imaging technique, OCT, might provide information about the site of the underlying inner ear structures (scala tympani, scala vestibuli) and could, consequently, guide the surgeon towards the scala tympani. Materials and methods: In a preliminary study, OCT was carried out on human temporal bone preparations, in which a cochleostomy ('fenestration') was performed leaving the endosteum and the fluid-filled inner ear intact. OCT was applied via a prototype of a specially equipped operating microscope. The mode of OCT used in this context was spectral-domain (SD)-OCT. Results: On scans, which can be read analogous to B-mode sonography, OCT provides information about structures on the inner surface of the partly exposed but still intact membranous cochlear lining - such as scala tympani or scala vestibuli.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)907-913
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Biomedical Engineering


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