The theory of the angle-dependent Mössbauer spectroscopy on nitroprusside-like single crystals has been complemented with expressions for the nuclear resonant cross-sections in case of the wave vector of the γ-radiation lying in the low symmetric non-mirror planes. They have been tested by rotation experiments in these planes using guanidinium nitroprusside (CN3H6)2[Fe(CN)5NO], (GNP) single crystal. As a result both the electric field gradient (EFG) and the mean square displacement (MSD) tensor parameters at the iron sites in GNP, have been determined at room temperature with high precision. The EFG asymmetry parameter is η = 0.01(1) and the principal z-axes of the two EFG tensors are oriented at α = ±8(1)° with respect to the c-axis in the mirror ac-plane. The corresponding orientation angle for the MSD tensor is ω = ±11(4)° and lies also in the ac-plane. The crystal shows strong vibrational anisotropy with different Lamb-Mössbauer factors fLM (i) for the principal crystal directions: fLM (a) = 0.118(3), fLM (b) = 0.174(2) and fLM (c) = 0.198(2). These values are in very good agreement with the results obtained by Mössbauer line broadening method and nuclear forward scattering of synchrotron radiation. In our analysis the saturation and polarization effects, which are very important for the case of single crystal absorbers with quadrupole split Mössbauer spectra and finite thickness, are taken into account. A total of 51 high quality spectra, recorded and calibrated with the sodium nitroprusside standard Na2[Fe(CN)5NO]·2H2O (SNP), have yielded for the quadrupole splitting the value ΔEQ = +1.854(1) mm/s and for the isomer shift relative to SNP the value IS = +0.006(1) mm/s (-0.251 mm/s relative to the α-Fe standard at room temperature). GNP has been confirmed as a very promising material for the investigation of long-lived metastable states observed in nitroprussides.
|Journal||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 01.06.2003|