Obese patients in a burn care unit: A major challenge

Eirini Liodaki*, Özge Senyaman, Peter Leonard Stollwerck, Dirk Möllmeier, Karl L. Mauss, Peter Mailänder, Felix Stang

*Corresponding author for this work
4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Obesity is an important predictor of mortality and morbidity during a hospital stay. There is very little data concerning the impact of the BMI on clinical outcomes in obese burn patients. The purpose of this study is to document the general epidemiological aspects of thermal injuries in an obese population and draw attention to topics relating to the management, rehabilitation and prognosis of burns in this emerging subpopulation of patients. Methods: All patients >16 years of age admitted to the burn unit between January 2008 and December 2012 and fulfilling the burn center referral criteria were enrolled in the study. SPSS version 20 (SPSS GmbH Software, Illinois, USA) was employed for data analysis. Results: Eleven extreme obese patients (men:women, 6:5) had a mean BMI of 38 kg/m2. Their incidence in our study was 5.5%. The mean length of stay was 41.5 days, almost twice that of the non-obese. The presence of co-morbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiac disease, or pulmonary disease, the problematic wound healing and the burn wound infection were significantly higher in the obese patients than in the non-obese. The mortality of obese burned patients was 36.4%. Conclusions: These facts indicate admission of these patients to a burn care unit for the best possible treatment although they might not always fulfill criteria for admission to burn intensive care unit. Burn centers must be also prepared in terms of special nursing equipment for obese patients.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1738-1742
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 01.01.2014


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