Purpose: Radiological parameters predicting a postoperative stone-free status (SFS) or a complicated perioperative course of mini-PNL, are scarce. Our aim was to identify such factors for prone 17.5F mini-PNL. Methods: A monocentric cohort of 103 cases was retrospectively analysed for factors predicting SFS and relevant complications, i.e. Clavien–Dindo (CD) ≥ 2. Parameters measured on preoperative supine CT included maximal stone diameter, skin-to-stone distance (SSD), ideal tract length (ITL), access angle, minimal T12—Lower Kidney Pole distance (T12LP) and minimal Iliac Crest—Lower Kidney Pole distance (ICLP). Infundibulopelvic angle (IPA) was measured on intraoperative pyelography. Results: The median maximal stone diameter was lower in cases with postoperative SFS [16 mm (Min. 10; Max. 35) vs. 20 mm (Min. 6; Max. 85), p = 0.0052]. CD ≥ 2 was more frequent in cases with a bigger stone burden [19 mm (Min. 13; Max. 85) vs. 16 mm (Min. 6; Max. 49), p = 0.0056] and with the ribs in the access angle [7/23 (30.43%) vs. 8/76 (10.53%); p = 0.0454]. T12LP significantly differed in cases with and without CD ≥ 2 [80.48 mm (± 21.31) vs. 90.43 mm (± 19.42), p = 0.0397]; however, it had no influence on SFS (p > 0.05). SSD, ITL, IPA and ICLP were significant regarding neither SFS nor CD ≥ 2 prevalence (p > 0.05). Using multivariate logistic regression, T12LP was confirmed as an independent predictor on CD ≥ 2 prevalence. Conclusions: Preoperative computed tomographic factors indicating elevated kidney position influence perioperative course of mini-PNL. T12LP and the presence of ribs in the access angle are, apart from stone diameter, the most useful indicators for cases at risk of CD ≥ 2.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)