Background: Neuroendocrine tumours (NET) are rare and heterogeneous neoplasia. To obtain valid data on epidemiology, diagnostics, therapy, prognosis and risk factors is the aim of the German NET registry. Patients and Methods: Data from 2009 histologically proven NET were collected from 35 NET centres between 1999 and 2010. Data collection has been performed prospectively since 2004. Results: Median follow-up was 34.5 months and median age at diagnosis 56.4 years. Primary tumour localisations were pancreas (34.2%), midgut (5.8%), stomach (6.5%), bowel (6.9%), duodenum (4.8%) and neuroendocrine CUP (12.6%). Synchronous metastases were seen in 46% and second malignancies in 12%. From 860 patients, 402 (46.7%) had functional tumours with the following hormone excess syndromes: carcinoid syndrome (19.1%; n = 164), persistent hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (17.7%; n = 152), Zollinger- Ellison syndrome (7.1%; n = 61), glucagonoma (0.7%; n = 15), Verner-Morrison syndrome (0.4%; n = 8) and somatostatinoma syndrome (0.1%; n = 2). Surgical therapy was performed in 78%, therapy with somatostatin receptor analogues (SSA) in 28%, peptide radioreceptor therapy (PRRT) in 19%, chemotherapy in 18% and interferon therapy in 6.5%. Only surgery was done in 47%, whereas 53% received a second therapy. General mortality rate during follow-up was 14.9%. The tumour-specific survival rates for 2, 5 and 10 yearswere 94, 85 and 70%. The 5-year survival is dependent on the surgical or non-surgical therapy (82 versus 61%, p < 0.001) and also on the primary tumour site (90/30% for midgut, 85/65% for pancreas, p < 0.001). Grading (G1, G2, G3) based on proliferation index Ki-67 recommended by the ENETS guidelines andWHO classification is highly correlated to the 5-year survival rate (88, 82, 33%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The German NET registry provides valid multicentric data on NET in Germany. Surgical therapy is the most frequent and important therapy with good clinical outcome. In non-resectable, metastatic tumours, systemic therapies are common. Continuation and evaluation of the new WHO and TNM classifications for NET and their therapies will be a future focus of the registry.
|Translated title of the contribution||Neuroendocrine tumours of the GI tract - Data from the German NET registry|
|Journal||Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie - Zeitschrift fur Allgemeine, Viszeral- und Gefasschirurgie|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 01.01.2014|