Myofunktionnelle störungen und deren mögliche auswirkungen auf die hör- und sprachentwicklung

Translated title of the contribution: Hearing disorders and speech-language delay related to myofunctional disorders

R. Schönweiler*, B. Schönweiler, H. J. Radü, M. Ptok

*Corresponding author for this work


Myofunctional disorders are defined as a hyper-, hypo-, or malfunction of orofacial and velopharyngeal motor control involved in sucking, biting, chewing, swallowing, and speech sound articulation. Thus, myofunctional disorders are often associated with phonetic errors such as s-sound-errors ("speech disorder"). Yet, it was not proved if also phonology and language development could be affected by myofunctional disorders. Thus, data of N = 1076 children (aged 3-8 years) who were suspected for speech-language delay were analyzed. Children with sensorineurinal hearing loss, developmental delay, syndroms, or clefts did not contribute. We found that about 6% of the children with myofunctional disorders (n = 392) had significant less abilities of phonology, grammar, word capacity, and language comprehension than children without myofunctional disorders (n = 684). We also found that children with myofunctional disorders had a significantly reduced middle ear ventilation which caused periods of mild fluctuating hearing loss about 15-30 dB. We hypothesize that mild fluctuating hearing loss caused a reduction of distinct formant transmission, a loss of constancy of auditory speech input, an auditory deprivation, and subsequently, a speech-language delay. Thus, we propose early diagnostic procedures and early intervention for myofunctional disorders. To this issue, the medical subspeciality of Phoniatrics & Pedaudiology can substantially contribute.

Translated title of the contributionHearing disorders and speech-language delay related to myofunctional disorders
Original languageGerman
JournalSprache Stimme Gehor
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)177-181
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2000


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