34 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Myoclonus-dystonia is a movement disorder often associated with mutations in the maternally imprinted ε-sarcoglycan (SGCE) gene located on chromosome 7q21. Silver-Russell syndrome is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth restriction and a characteristic facies, caused in some cases by maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7. Objectives: To describe and investigate the combination of a typical myoclonus-dystonia syndrome and Silver-Russell syndrome. Design: Clinical and neurophysiological examination as well as cytogenetic and molecular analyses. Setting: Movement disorder clinic. Patient: A 36-year-old man with typical myoclonusdystonia and Silver-Russell syndrome. Main Outcome Measures: Clinical description of the disease and its genetic cause. Results: Cytogenetic analysis revealed mosaicism for a small chromosome 7 marker chromosome. Microsatellite analysis indicated loss of the paternal allele and maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7. In keeping with the maternal imprinting mechanism, no unmethylated allele of SGCE was detected after bisulfite treatment of the patient's DNA, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated loss of SGCE expression. Molecular analysis ruled out mutations in the SGCE gene. Conclusions: We identified a new genetic alteration - maternal chromosome 7 disomy - that can cause myoclonus-dystonia. This alteration results in repression of both alleles of the maternally imprinted SGCE gene and suggests SGCE loss of function as the disease mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Neurology
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1380-1385
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 01.10.2008


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