Multi-atlas Segmentation Using Patch-Based Joint Label Fusion with Non-Negative Least Squares Regression


This work presents a patch-based multi-atlas segmentation approach based on non-negative least squares regression. Our approach finds a weighted linear combination of local image patches that best models the target patch, jointly for all considered atlases. The local coefficients are optimised with the constraint of being positive or zero and serve as weights, of the underlying segmentation patches, for a multi-atlas voting. The negative influence of erroneous local registration outcome is shown to be reduced by avoiding negative weights. For challenging abdominal MRI, the segmentation accuracy is significantly improved compared to standard joint least squares regression and independent similarity-based weighting. Our experiments show that restricting weights to be non-negative yields significantly better segmentation results than a sparsity promoting l1 penalty. We present an efficient numerical implementation that rapidly calculates correlation matrices for all overlapping image patches and atlases in few seconds.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPatch-Based Techniques in Medical Imaging : First International Workshop, Patch-MI 2015, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2015, Munich, Germany, October 9, 2015, Revised Selected Papers
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Publication date01.01.2015
Publication statusPublished - 01.01.2015
EventMICCAI Workshop on Patch-based Techniques in Medical Imaging, Patch-MI 2015, 18th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2015 -
Duration: 09.10.201509.10.2015


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