Objective. To assess monocytic expression and ratio of angiotensin and endothelin receptors in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and their functional relevance. Methods. Receptor expression was measured by flow cytometry. Chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18) concentration in supernatants of peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with immunoglobulin G was measured by ELISA. Results. Monocytes of patients with SSc presented an increased angiotensin II Type 1 receptor (AT1R)/AT2R ratio compared with those of healthy donors. Patients with lung fibrosis and patients with high modified Rodnan skin score showed a reduced endothelin 1 Type A receptor (ETAR)/ETBR ratio. High AT1R/AT2R, but low ETAR/ETBR ratios corresponded to higher CCL18 secretion. Conclusion. Altered angiotensin and endothelin receptor ratios observed in SSc influence autoantibody-mediated effects such as secretion of profibrotic CCL18.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)