Molekulare allergiediagnostik: Entwicklung und bedeutung für die klinische Praxis

Translated title of the contribution: Molecular allergy diagnostic tests: Development and relevance in clinical practice

J. Kleine-Tebbe, U. Jappe

5 Citations (Scopus)


Molecular allergy is based on identification, characterization and subsequent use of single allergens, being components of complex allergen sources like pollen, mites, furred animals, foods or insect venoms. Only few protein families contain relevant allergens of similar sequence and structure, carrying common IgE epitopes as the basis of cross reactivity. Used as purified or recombinant (glyco)proteins single allergens can potentially improve in-vitro diagnostics, particularly allergen-specific IgE assays through a) increased sensitivity, b) use of risk and marker allergens, c) component-resolved diagnostics (CRD). CRD can differentiate primary, species-specific from secondary, cross-reactive sensitizations to single allergens. Allergen components facilitate an increased analytical sensitivity, particularly if they are underrepresented or missing in conventional allergen extracts. They are mainly used in single assays (singleplex) for the detection of IgE, but also in a microarray format (multiplex) with 112 components from 50 allergen sources with slightly decreased analytical sensitivity. Concepts of molecular allergy can only be separately defined and utilized for each allergen source (pollen, mites, foods or insect venoms). As soon as essential singe allergens are available, their specific role in diagnostics should be defined. This requires well characterized patient cohorts from various countries, since exposure, allergic immune response and clinical relevance can vary substantially between individual subjects and geographical regions. The patient's clinical information is essential for proper interpretation of molecular allergology results. The history and/ or challenge test results will finally provide evidence, in how far a sensitization to single allergens might be clinically relevant or not.

Translated title of the contributionMolecular allergy diagnostic tests: Development and relevance in clinical practice
Original languageGerman
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)327-349
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - 01.08.2013
Externally publishedYes


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