Molecular surveillance of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales in two nearby tertiary hospitals to identify regional spread of high-risk clones in Germany, 2019-2020

Sébastien Boutin, Sybille Welker, Marlis Gerigk, Thomas Miethke, Klaus Heeg, Dennis Nurjadi

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Understanding the transmission dynamics of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) is critical to addressing the escalating global threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Although hospital transmission of CRE has been extensively studied, information on community transmission is lacking. This study aims to identify genomic clusters of CRE from two nearby institutions that may be indicative of community or inter-facility transmission.

METHODS: CRE isolates between 1 st of January 2019 and 31 st of December 2020 from two tertiary hospitals, detected in the respective routine microbiology laboratories, were collected and characterized by short-read whole genome sequencing.

RESULTS: A total of 272 CRE were collected, with Enterobacter cloacae complex (71/192, 37%) predominant in Heidelberg and Escherichia coli (19/80, 24%) in Mannheim. The most common carbapenem resistance gene, bla OXA-48, was detected in 38% of CRE from both centres. Several putative transmission clusters were found, including 6 clusters of E. cloacae complex, 5 clusters of Klebsiella pneumoniae, 4 clusters of Citrobacter freundii, and 2 clusters each of Escherichia coli and K. aerogenes. No clusters involved isolates from both study centres, except for an ST22 C. freundii cluster. Globally circulating clones were identified between the two centres for ST131 E. coli, ST66 E. hormaechei and ST22 C. freundii.

CONCLUSION: This study found no widespread transmission clusters among isolates from both centres, suggesting a hospital-specific clonal structure. This suggests that CRE clusters involving both institutions may indicate emerging or circulating clones in the community, highlighting the need for intersectoral surveillance and data sharing.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Hospital Infection
ISSN0195-6701
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 07.05.2024

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