The regulatory networks governing development and differentiation of hematopoietic cells are incompletely understood. Members of the Schlafen (Slfn) protein family have been implicated in the regulation of cell growth and T cell development. We have identified and chromosomally mapped four new members, slfn5, slfn8, slfn9 and slfn10, which belong to a distinct subgroup within this gene family. The characteristic feature of these proteins is the presence of sequence motifs identifying them as distinct members of the superfamily I of DNA/RNA helicases. A significant role of these newly identified members in hematopoietic cell differentiation is suggested based on their differential regulation (i) in developing and activated T cells, (ii) in LPS or IFN-γ activated macrophages, (iii) upon IL6 or LIF driven terminal differentiation of myeloblastic M1 cells into macrophage-like cells, and (iv) in splenocytes of mice infected with Listeria monocytogenes. In contrast to wild-type cells, IRF-1 and IFNα/βR deficient macrophages, although undergoing growth arrest, fail to upregulate slfn gene expression upon IFNγ or LPS stimulation, respectively. Therefore, an essential participation in IFNγ or LPS induced growth arrest appears unlikely. Likewise, ectopic expression of the newly identified slfn family members in fibroblasts did not reveal a general impact on growth control. In contrast, transgenic T-cell specific expression of a representative member of this new subfamily, slfn8, resulted in profoundly impaired T cell development and peripheral T cells showed a reduced proliferative potential. Thus, functional participation of slfn8 in the regulatory networks governing T cell development and growth appears to be cell type specific.
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Medical Genetics