Radio-frequency (RF)-based device-free localization (DFL) systems measure RF parameters such as the received signal strength or channel state information to detect and track objects within a certain area. However, the change of the RF signal caused by the object is superimposed with various changes of the RF signal due to multipath propagation, especially in indoor environments. In this paper, we develop a model for ultra-wideband (UWB) channel impulse response (CIR) measurements for application in DFL systems. The model predicts received signal parameters in a setup with a transmitter and a receiver node, a person and multipath propagation. Different from other approaches, the RF hardware, and the model provides both magnitude and phase information for individual multipath components. We evaluate the new model with real measurements that have been conducted with a Decawave DW1000 radio chip. For the magnitudes, we achieved a correlation factor from 0.78 to 0.87 and maximum mean and standard deviation errors of 1.7 dB and 2.2 dB respectively. For the phase, we achieved correlation factor from 0.6 to 0.81 and maximum mean and standard deviation errors of 0.32 dB and 0.47 dB respectively, showing that the prediction of our proposed model for the magnitude and phase fits well to our measurements.
|Title of host publication
|2019 16th Workshop on Positioning, Navigation and Communications (WPNC)
|Published - 10.2019
|16th Workshop on Positioning, Navigation and Communication - Jacobs University Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Duration: 23.10.2019 → 24.10.2019
Conference number: 158923