Mitochondrial OXPHOS functions in R1H rhabdomyosarcoma and skeletal muscles of the rat

Thomas Kuhnt*, Tanja Pelz, Xiaoying Qu, Gabriele Hänsgen, Jürgen Dunst, Frank Norbert Gellerich

*Corresponding author for this work
3 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the study was to determinate mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) functions in rat rhabdomyosarcoma R1H (R1H) and rat skeletal muscles. For that purpose skinned fiber technique and multiple substrate inhibitor titration were adapted to tumor samples. In our animal tumor model (R1H) functional abnormalities of OXPHOS were found compared to skeletal muscles. In R1H the state 3 respiration of pyruvate + malate was decreased: 0.56 ± 0.28 nmol O2/mg/min versus 2.32 ± 1.19 nmol O 2/mg/min, P < 0.001, whereas the state 3 respiration of succinate + rotenone was increased: 36 ± 14% versus 19 ± 11%, P < 0.001. In R1H the rotenone-insensitive respiration reached higher levels than the antimycin A-insensitive respiration, whereas in normal muscles the converse was observed. Additionally, the obvious difference between the CAT- and the antimycin A-independent respiration indicates an increased part of leak respiration in R1H. By now, the high feasibility of these techniques is appreciated for the investigation of muscles and prospectively for tumors, too.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurochemical Research
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)973-980
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 06.2007


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