Mild sleep restriction acutely reduces plasma glucagon levels in healthy men

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Sleep loss has repeatedly been suggested to affect glucose metabolism adversely, raising the question as to the impact of subtle forms of sleep loss. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the effects of a single night of sleep restriction to 4.5 h on endocrine parameters of glucose metabolism. Design: We conducted crossover, balanced experiments including two conditions, i.e. one night of 4.5 h and one night of 7 h of sleep. Subjects and Measurements: In 10 healthy men, circulating concentrations of insulin, C-peptide, epinephrine, norepinephrine, GH, ACTH, cortisol, and glucagon were measured after sleep and sleep restriction, respectively, during basal rest and a subsequent stepwise hypoglycemic clamp. Results: Mild sleep restriction induced a robust reduction in basal plasma glucagon levels that persisted throughout the hypoglycemic clamp (P < 0.03). Basal glucose, insulin, and C-peptide levels were unaffected by sleep restriction. Also, basal and hypoglycemia-stimulated concentrations of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and GH were unchanged after sleep restriction. Concentrations of ACTH (P < 0.05) and cortisol (P < 0.001) were reduced after sleep loss during baseline and at the start of hypoglycemia, but reached roughly comparable levels in both conditions at the end of the clamp (ACTH, P > 0.06; cortisol, P > 0.93). Conclusion: Our data show that mild restriction of nocturnal sleep to 4.5 h has a reducing effect on circulating glucagon levels. This finding provides further evidence for the notion that glucose homeostasis is sensitive to subtle changes in sleep duration.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume94
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)5169-5173
Number of pages5
ISSN0021-972X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12.2009

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