CONTEXT: Recently cartonectin was reported as a novel adipokine, with lower levels in diet-induced obese mice, glucose-lowering effects, and antiinflammatory and cardioprotective properties. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a proinflammatory state associated with obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular complications.\n\nOBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to investigate cartonectin levels and regulation in sera and adipose tissue (AT) as well as the effects of metformin of women with PCOS and control subjects.\n\nDESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study [PCOS (n = 83) and control (n = 39) subjects]. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to assess mRNA and protein expression of cartonectin. Serum cartonectin was measured by an ELISA.\n\nRESULTS: Serum and omental adipose tissue cartonectin were significantly lower in women with PCOS compared with control subjects (P < .05 and P < .01, respectively). Furthermore, cartonectin showed a significant negative association with body mass index, waist to hip ratio, glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, triglycerides, High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and intima-media thickness (P < .05 and P < .01, respectively); in multiple regression analyses, triglycerides (P =.040) and hs-CRP (P = .031) were predictive of cartonectin levels (P < .05). After 6 months of metformin treatment, there was an associated increase in serum cartonectin (P < .05). Importantly, changes in hs-CRP were significantly negatively correlated with changes in serum cartonectin (P = .033). Finally, cartonectin protein production and secretion into conditioned media were significantly increased by metformin in control human omental AT explants (P < .05).\n\nCONCLUSIONS: Serum and omental AT cartonectin are lower in women with PCOS. Metformin treatment increases serum cartonectin levels in these women and in omental AT explants.
|Title of host publication||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 12.2013|