Maspin protein expression correlates with tumor progression in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer

Mario W. Kramer, Sandra Waalkes, Hennenlotter Jörg, Serth Jürgen, Arnulf Stenzl, Markus A. Kuczyk, Axel S. Merseburger

10 Citations (Scopus)


Maspin is a 42-kDa protein that belongs to the family of serine protease inhibitors. It is involved in various physiological processes. In cancer tissue, Maspin was found to infuence angiogenesis, tumor growth, metastasis and the prognosis of tumor patients. This study was performed to analyze the involvement of Maspin in transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder as well as its prognostic impact in a large patient cohort. Specimens from 162 non-muscle invasive bladder cancer patients (pTa, 91; pT1, 71) treated by transure-thral resection with a minimum 3-year follow-up (median 58.5 months) were included in the present investigation. Tissue microarrays were constructed, and the specimens were immu-nohistochemically stained for Maspin protein expression. Each tissue specimen was assessed on a staining scale ranging from 0 (no staining) to 300 (strong staining) and correlated with various clinicopathological parameters. Maspin protein expression predicted progression with a sensitivity of 95% and a specifcity of 70% (p<0.001). In predicting recurrence, Maspin staining showed 52% sensitivity and 67% specifcity (p<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed, and a low Maspin protein expression was correlated with a higher incidence of tumor progression (p<0.0001). However, expression levels of Maspin protein did not distinguish between pTa and pT1 specimens. Multivariate analyses indicated Maspin expression as an independent factor for predicting progression (p<0.0001) and recurrence (p<0.05). The present results suggest that the Maspin protein expression is an independent prognostic indicator for predicting recurrence and progression to muscle invasive disease. This study further emphasizes a possible clinical role of this novel tumor suppressor gene in transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOncology Letters
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)621-626
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 07.2010

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)


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