Maintenance factors of recovery from alcohol dependence in treated and untreated individuals

Gallus Bischof*, Hans Jürgen Rumpf, Ulfert Hapke, Christian Meyer, Ulrich John

*Corresponding author for this work
36 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Research on natural recovery from alcohol dependence has focused mainly on triggering mechanisms of the remission process. Only a few studies have considered maintenance factors of natural recovery. Methods: In the present study, 93 natural remitters and 42 self-help group participants were compared. Both groups remitted from alcohol dependence according to DSM-IV criteria. Several alcohol-related variables and maintenance factors of the remission process were assessed in a personal interview by using standardized questionnaires. Results: Logistic regression analysis that focused on maintenance factors showed that, independent from direct self-help group context, self-help group attendees informed more individuals about their former alcohol problems and sought social support more often as a coping strategy to deal with craving. No further group differences could be identified. Conclusions: Self-help group participants revealed a higher social engagement to maintain their recovery. Besides this major difference, data support the assumption that more commonalities than differences exist within successful recoveries from alcohol dependence, independent of help-seeking status.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1773-1777
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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