Magnetic Particle Imaging: First Real-Time Visualization of Instruments for Cardiovascular Intervention

J. Haegele, J. Rahmer, B. Gleich, J. Borgert, H. Wojtczyk, N. Panagiotopoulos, T. M. Buzug, J. Barkhausen, F. M. Vogt


To evaluate the feasibility of different approaches of instrument visualization for cardiovascular interventions guided by using magnetic particle imaging (MPI).

Materials and Methods
Two balloon (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty) catheters were used. The balloon was filled either with diluted superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) ferucarbotran (25 mmol of iron per liter) or with sodium chloride. Both catheters were inserted into a vessel phantom that was filled oppositional to the balloon content with sodium chloride or diluted SPIO (25 mmol of iron per liter). In addition, the administration of a 1.4-mL bolus of pure SPIO (500 mmol of iron per liter) followed by 5 mL of sodium chloride through a SPIO-labeled balloon catheter into the sodium chloride–filled vessel phantom was recorded. Images were recorded by using a preclinical MPI demonstrator. All images were acquired by using a field of view of 3.6 × 3.6 × 2.0 cm.

By using MPI, both balloon catheters could be visualized with high temporal (21.54 msec per image) and sufficient spatial (≤ 3 mm) resolution without any motion artifacts. The movement through the field of view, the inflation and deflation of the balloon, and the application of the SPIO bolus were visualized at a rate of 46 three-dimensional data sets per second.

Visualization of SPIO-labeled instruments for cardiovascular intervention at high temporal resolution as well as monitoring the application of a SPIO-based tracer by using labeled instruments is feasible. Further work is necessary to evaluate different labeling approaches for diagnostic catheters and guidewires and to demonstrate their navigation in the vascular system after administration of contrast material.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)P-140
Publication statusPublished - 01.12.2012


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