Introduction: The gastric and duodenal perforations are a life-threatening complication of peptic ulcer disease with the indication for immediate surgical intervention. To which extent laparoscopy is a suitable method in an acute situation was examined in the present investigation. Materials and Methods: The data of all patients within a period of 15 years (01/1996-12/2010) who were operated laparoscopically because of a perforated gastric or duodenal ulcer, were collected prospectively in terms of age, gender, localisation of perforation, diagnostics, symptoms, surgical procedures, intraoperative and postoperative complications and postoperative course, and were analysed retrospectively. Results: During the observation period 45 patients were operated laparoscopically due to gastric or duodenal perforation. The median age at operation was 58 (18-91) years. An NSAID medication was present in 11 (24.4;%) patients. The perforation was juxtapyloric in 12 (26.7;%) patients, postpyloric in 10 (22.2;%) patients, one (2.2;%) patient in each small and greater curvature, in 18 (40.0;%) at the front and in three (6.7;%) patients on the rear wall. In two cases, previous surgical treatment in the upper abdomen was performed. After primary diagnostic laparoscopy, an indication for conversion was seen in 20 (44.4;%) patients. During laparoscopically completed operations simple suturing was done in 18/25 (72.0;%) patients and excision and suturing was performed in 7/25 (37.8;%) patients. After conversion simple suturing was observed in 7/20 (35.0;%) patients, whereas in 10/20 (50.0;%) patients excision and suturing was performed. 3/20 (15.0;%) patients underwent a resective operation. The median operative time was 105 (40-306) minutes and mean hospitalisation 11 (4-66) days. The ICU stay was in median 2 (0-37) days. Major complications were seen in 11 (24.4;%) patients, namely re-laparotomy (n = 7; 15.6;%) and haemorrhage (n = 4; 8.9;%). Minor complications were observed in 8 (17.8;%) of cases. The mortality rate was 11.1;% (n = 5). Conclusion: The laparoscopic treatment of gastric and duodenal perforations is a minimally invasive therapeutic option for the definitive treatment of this life-threatening disease. The indication for a laparoscopic approach has to be considered individually and depends to a decisive extent on the experience of the laparoscopic surgeon.
|Translated title of the contribution||Gastric and duodenal perforations: What is the role of laparoscopic surgery?|
|Journal||Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie - Zeitschrift fur Allgemeine, Viszeral- und Gefasschirurgie|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 02.2014|
Research Areas and Centers
- Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)