Background and Objectives: To assess the relevance of Parvovirus B19 (B19V) DNA at low to intermediate concentrations in blood donors for the recipients of their blood components. Material and Methods: We studied recipients of B19V DNA-positive blood components [red blood cell concentrates (RBCs), pooled platelet concentrates and fresh frozen plasma]. This included archived pretransfusion samples as well as follow-up samples investigated by ELISA or NAT and genome sequence analysis. Results: In 132 out of 424 recipients, we could detect no anti-B19V IgG before transfusion. In 67 out of 132 sero-negative recipients, a follow-up sample was available. Sixty-five of these received blood components from donors with <104 IU B19V DNA/ml plasma and had no evidence of transfusion-transmitted (TT)-B19V infection. Homology in genome sequences in donor and recipient provided evidence for a TT-B19V infection in two recipients. Both patients received RBC containing 3·4 × 106 and 1·8 × 104 IU B19V DNA/ml plasma, respectively. The anti-B19V IgG titres in the donors were 2 and 76 IU/ml plasma, respectively. The antibodies in the second donor were directed against capsid proteins and are thus considered as potential neutralizing antibodies. Conclusions: TT-B19V infections through blood components with low (<104 IU/ml plasma) B19V DNA concentrations did not occur in our study. One of the TT-B19V infections occurred from RBC with intermediate B19V DNA concentration despite the presence of potential neutralizing antibodies in the donor, but its clinical significance was low.