Long-term bowel disorders following radial cystectomy: an underestimated issue?

Mario W. Kramer, Christoph A. von Klot, Mohammad Kabbani, Abdul Rahman Kabbani, Hossein Tezval, Inga Peters, Thomas R.W. Herrmann, Markus A. Kuczyk, Axel S. Merseburger*

*Corresponding author for this work
11 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Patients after radical cystectomy (RC) frequently complain about bowel disorders (BDs). Reports addressing related long-term complications are sparse. This cross-sectional study assessed changes in bowel habits (BH) after RC. Methods: A total of 89 patients with a minimum follow-up ≥1 year after surgery were evaluated with a questionnaire. Patients with BD prior to surgery were excluded. Symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation, bloating/flatulence, incomplete defecation, uncontrolled stool loss, and impact on quality of life (QoL) were assessed. Results: A total of 46.1 % of patients reported changes in BH; however, only 25.8 % reported experiencing related dissatisfaction. Primary causes of dissatisfaction were diarrhea and uncontrolled stool loss. The most common complaints were bloating/flatulence and the feeling of incomplete defecation, but these symptoms did not necessarily lead to dissatisfaction or impairment in quality of life. No difference was identified between an orthotopic neobladder and ileal conduit, and even patients without bowel surgery were affected. QoL, health status, and energy level were significantly decreased in unsatisfied patients. Conclusions: About 25 % of patients complain about BDs after RC. More prospective studies assessing symptoms, comorbidities, and dietary habits are necessary to address this issue and to identify strategies for follow-up recommendations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1373-1380
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 30.10.2015

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)


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