Less invasive surfactant administration and complications of preterm birth

Christoph Härtel*, Pia Paul, Kathrin Hanke, Alexander Humberg, Angela Kribs, Katrin Mehler, Matthias Vochem, Christian Wieg, Claudia Roll, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel

*Corresponding author for this work
22 Citations (Scopus)


In a large cohort study of the German Neonatal Network (GNN) we aimed to evaluate whether less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) strategy is associated with complications of preterm birth. Within the observational period n = 7533 very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWI) with gestational age 22 0/7 to 28 6/7 weeks were enrolled in GNN; n = 1214 VLBWI never received surfactant, n = 2624 VLBWI were treated according to LISA procedure, n = 3695 VLBWI had surfactant via endotracheal tube (ETT). LISA was associated with a reduced risk for adverse outcome measures including mortality [odds ratio (OR) 0.66 (95% CI: 0.51-0.84), p < 0.001] bronchopulmonary dysplasia [BPD; OR 0.55 (95% CI: 0.49-0.62), p < 0.001], intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) grade II-IV [OR 0.55 (95% CI: 0.48-0.64), p < 0.001] and retinopathy of prematurity [ROP; OR 0.62 (95% CI: 0.45-0.85), p < 0.001]. Notably, LISA was associated with an increased risk for focal intestinal perforation [FIP; OR 1.49 (95% CI: 1.14-1.95), p = 0.002]. The differences in FIP rates were primarily observed in VLBWI born <26 weeks (LISA: 10.0 vs. ETT: 7.4%, p = 0.029). Our observational data confirm that LISA is associated with improved outcome. In infants <26 weeks we noted an increased risk for FIP. Future randomized controlled trials including LISA need to integrate safety analyses for this particular subgroup.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8333
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01.12.2018


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