Liver transplantation is the first-line therapy for children with acute and chronic hepatic failure, metabolic liver diseases and liver tumors. As most of the children with end-stage liver disease are very small in stature the resources of compatible organs of deceased donors are limited. Living liver donation was able to nearly eliminate waiting list mortality with excellent patient and graft survival. As 80% of the pediatric recipients have a body weight <25 kg donation of the left lateral lobe (segments II+III) is sufficient in most of the cases. According to a standardization of the surgical procedures as well as the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative management donation of the left lateral lobe advanced to a procedure with very low donor morbidity and mortality rates. The complexity of hepatic disease patterns in pediatric patients which often affect other organ systems demand a close cooperation with an experienced pediatric team. Pediatric living donor liver transplantation requires high expertise in liver surgery and split liver transplantation and should therefore only be performed in transplant centers meeting these high qualifications.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)