LDR-Brachytherapy monotherapy appears unsuited for NCCN unfavorable intermediate-risk prostate cancer patients

Andreas Boehle*, Dorothea Zywietz, Irina Robrahn-Nitschke, Achim Lusch, Inke R. König

*Corresponding author for this work


Background: To validate the subdivision of intermediate-risk (IR) prostate cancer (PCa) into favorable intermediate-risk (FIR) and unfavorable intermediate-risk (UIR) PCa in a historical patient cohort and to compare 2 different radiotherapy regimens. Methods: Patients with intermediate-risk (IR) PCa, treated either by 125J-LDR-brachytherapy monotherapy (BT) or by combined-modality radiation therapy (CRT), were retrospectively subclassified into FIR and UIR and reanalyzed with regard to biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS), metastasis-free survival (MFS), and prostate cancer-specific survival (CSS). Kaplan-Meier product-limit method and log-rank tests were applied to estimate survival probabilities and compare survival, respectively. Uni- and multivariable analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazard regression. Results: Of 490 IR patients, 252 had received BT (86.5% FIR, 13.5% UIR), and 238 had received CRT (30% FIR, 70% UIR). Retrospective analysis revealed that BRFS at 10 years was 81% for BT, and 94% for CRT in FIR patients. For UIR patients, BRFS at 10 years was 37% for BT, and 89% for CRT. MFS at 10 years for FIR patients was 87% for BT, and 94% for CRT. For UIR patients MFS at 10 years was 78% for BT, and 95% for CRT. In multivariable analysis treatment (BT vs. CRT) was the single associated factor for biochemical recurrence, and for metastases in the UIR group (BFRS, P < 0.001, HR 16.07 (CI 4.23–61.10); MFS, P = 0.011, HR 8.43 (CI 1.62–43.9). Conclusions: Subclassification of IR prostate cancer into FIR and UIR subcategories appears mandatory. For FIR patients, outcomes after BT monotherapy were acceptable. However, clinical failure after 125J-LDR-BT in UIR patients was notably increased, suggesting that BT monotherapy was less successful in this risk group. In contrast, the outcome in UIR patients after CRT was excellent.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)454.e17-454.e24
Publication statusPublished - 11.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)
  • Centers: University Cancer Center Schleswig-Holstein (UCCSH)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-14 Haematology, Oncology
  • 205-23 Reproductive Medicine, Urology

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