Laparoendoscopic partial nephrectomy in single-incision triangulated umbilical surgery (SITUS) technique: Early experience

Mathias Wolters, Florian Imkamp, Lucy Wohlatz, Stephan Jutzi, Christoph A. von Klot, Markus A. Kuczyk, Axel S. Merseburger, Ute Walcher, Udo Nagele, Thomas R.W. Herrmann*

*Corresponding author for this work
3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors has evolved as the standard of care for resectable renal tumors. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (PN) has gained recognition after technical refinements were able to match the well-established criteria for open partial nephrectomy. Laparoendoscopic surgery (LESS) is one of the approaches to further minimize invasiveness of laparoscopic surgery.

Objective: We report our initial experience with LESS partial nephrectomy in single-incision transumbilical surgery technique (SITUS) in daily clinical practice.

Measurements: Patients’ characteristics, perioperative, hematologic and pathologic data as well as pain evaluation using the visual analogue pain scale (VAPS) were assessed.

Conclusion: LESS partial nephrectomy in SITUS technique is feasible for selected exophytic tumors and has been integrated into our armamentarium for nephron sparing minimally invasive surgical treatment.

Design, setting, and participants: From 2010, patients undergoing SITUS-PN were prospectively evaluated. Patients with small, solitary or multiple, exophytic-enhancing renal masses were selected, whereas patients with solitary kidney, endophytic or hilar tumors were excluded. Important clinical data, PADUA and RENAL score, were assessed prospectively.

Results and limitations: A total of 13 patients underwent LESS-PN/SITUS-PN (6 right and 7 left renal units). One patient was converted to conventional laparoscopy requiring two additional ports to treat bleeding from renal vessels. Pathology revealed renal cell carcinoma in nine patients, oncocytoma in one and benign cyst in three patients. No positive surgical margin was observed. The mean blood loss was 2.1 g/dl [range 0.5–4.5 g/dl] in hemoglobin. Minimal discomfort was noted at discharge (VAPS = 0.2 ± 0.6 [range 0–2]/10].

Original languageEnglish
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)403-412
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 03.2015

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Luebeck Integrated Oncology Network (LION)


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