BACKGROUND: Previous studies of dupilumab in adolescents and adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) showed no clinically meaningful adverse changes in laboratory parameters.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess laboratory outcomes in children aged 6-11 years with severe AD in a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase III trial of dupilumab.
METHODS: Children aged 6-11 years with severe AD were randomized 1:1:1 to 16 weeks of dupilumab 300 mg every 4 weeks, 100 or 200 mg every 2 weeks, or matching placebo, all with concomitant topical corticosteroids (TCS). Blood samples were collected at baseline and Weeks 4, 8, and 16; urine samples were collected at baseline and Weeks 4 and 16.
RESULTS: Of 367 patients enrolled in the study, 362 were included in the safety analysis, 351 completed study treatment, and 4 withdrew due to treatment-emergent adverse events not related to laboratory abnormalities. Both dupilumab + TCS groups showed overall trends toward increases in mean blood levels of eosinophils and alkaline phosphatase, and decreases in mean blood levels of platelets, neutrophils, and lactate dehydrogenase levels, without corresponding mean changes in the placebo + TCS group. None of these changes were associated with symptoms or clinically meaningful adverse outcomes, and none led to treatment modification. No clinically significant changes or trends were observed for other measured laboratory parameters.
CONCLUSION: There were no clinically meaningful adverse changes in routine laboratory parameters attributable to treatment with dupilumab + TCS. Changes in platelet counts and lactate dehydrogenase levels likely reflect reduced inflammation. These results confirm similar findings in adults and adolescents, and suggest that there is no need for routine laboratory monitoring of children aged 6-11 years treated with dupilumab + TCS for severe AD.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03345914. Does treatment with dupilumab require routine laboratory monitoring in 6- to 11-year-old children with severe atopic dermatitis? (MP4 180482 kb).