Elderly patients often suffer from postoperative cognitive deficits (POCD) after serious surgical operations. The reasons for this are not well understood. We investigated the influence of the invasiveness of the operation and the duration of the operation as well as the patient's preoperative physical status on measures of cognitive dysfunction. In a prospective study 59 elderly patients (mean age 69.2 years) were subjected to a neuropsychological test battery and a questionnaire following an abdominal surgical operation. The postoperative recovery with a focus on memory function was assessed using the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) seven days after the operation. Self-reported cognitive deficits were studied using the a questionnaire of experienced attention deficits (FEDA) three months after the operation. Postoperative psychological and self-reported test results varied as a function of the invasiveness and the duration of the operation. After more invasive operations patients reported a stronger deficit in activities of daily living and a reduction in drive than after less invasive operations. In addition, the duration of anesthesia influenced the experienced deficits. The self-reported deficits were more strongly influenced by the features of the operation than the psychological test data. The physical status of the patients according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) along with the duration of anesthesia as covariate was identified as a good predictor for the cognitive recovery post operation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Cognitive dysfunction after abdominal surgery in elderly patients|
|Journal||Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 01.12.2004|
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)