A cholera toxin mutant (CTX-K63) unable to raise cAMP levels was used to study in Vero cells the retrograde transport of the toxin A subunit (CTXA- K63), which possesses a COOH-terminal KDEL retrieval signal. Microinjected GTP-γ-S inhibits the internalization as well as Golgi-ER transport of CTXA- K63. The appearance of CTX-A-K63 in the Golgi induces a marked dispersion of Erd2p and p53 but not of the Golgi marker giantin. Erd2p is translocated under these conditions most likely to the intermediate compartment as indicated by an increased colocalization of Erd2p with mSEC13, a member of the mammalian coat protein II complex. IgGs as well as F(ab) fragments directed against Erd2p, β-COP, or p23, a new member of the p24 protein family, inhibit or block retrograde transport of CTX-A-K63 from the Golgi without affecting its internalization or its transport to the Golgi. Anti- Erd2p antibodies do not affect the binding of CTX-A to Erd2p, but inhibit the CTX-K63-induced translocation of Erd2p and p53.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)