Introduction: Although KRAS mutations in NSCLC have been considered mutually exclusive driver mutations for a long time, there is now growing evidence that KRAS-mutated NSCLC represents a genetically heterogeneous subgroup. We sought to determine genetic heterogeneity with respect to cancer-related co-mutations and their correlation with different KRAS mutation subtypes. Methods: Diagnostic samples from 4507 patients with NSCLC were analyzed by next-generation sequencing by using a panel of 14 genes and, in a subset of patients, fluorescence in situ hybridization. Next-generation sequencing with an extended panel of 14 additional genes was performed in 101 patients. Molecular data were correlated with clinical data. Whole-exome sequencing was performed in two patients. Results: We identified 1078 patients with KRAS mutations, of whom 53.5% had at least one additional mutation. Different KRAS mutation subtypes showed different patterns of co-occurring mutations. Besides mutations in tumor protein p53 gene (TP53) (39.4%), serine/threonine kinase 11 gene (STK11) (19.8%), kelch like ECH associated protein 1 gene (KEAP1) (12.9%), and ATM serine/threonine kinase gene (ATM) (11.9%), as well as MNNG HOS Transforming gene (MET) amplifications (15.4%) and erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 gene (ERBB2) amplifications (13.8%, exclusively in G12C), we found rare co-occurrence of targetable mutations in EGFR (1.2%) and BRAF (1.2%). Whole-exome sequencing of two patients with co-occurring phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha gene (PIK3CA) mutation revealed clonality of mutated KRAS in one patient and subclonality in the second, suggesting different evolutionary backgrounds. Conclusion: KRAS-mutated NSCLC represents a genetically heterogeneous subgroup with a high frequency of co-occurring mutations in cancer-associated pathways, partly associated with distinct KRAS mutation subtypes. This diversity might have implications for understanding the variability of treatment outcome in KRAS-mutated NSCLC and for future trial design.