Isolation and flow cytometric analysis of immune cells from the ischemic mouse brain

Claudia Pösel, Karoline Möller, Johannes Boltze, Daniel Christoph Wagner, Gesa Weise*

*Corresponding author for this work
3 Citations (Scopus)


Ischemic stroke initiates a robust inflammatory response that starts in the intravascular compartment and involves rapid activation of brain resident cells. A key mechanism of this inflammatory response is the migration of circulating immune cells to the ischemic brain facilitated by chemokine release and increased endothelial adhesion molecule expression. Brain-invading leukocytes are well-known contributing to earlystage secondary ischemic injury, but their significance for the termination of inflammation and later brain repair has only recently been noticed. Here, a simple protocol for the efficient isolation of immune cells from the ischemic mouse brain is provided. After transcardial perfusion, brain hemispheres are dissected and mechanically dissociated. Enzymatic digestion with Liberase is followed by density gradient (such as Percoll) centrifugation to remove myelin and cell debris. One major advantage of this protocol is the single-layer density gradient procedure which does not require time-consuming preparation of gradients and can be reliably performed. The approach yields highly reproducible cell counts per brain hemisphere and allows for measuring several flow cytometry panels in one biological replicate. Phenotypic characterization and quantification of brain-invading leukocytes after experimental stroke may contribute to a better understanding of their multifaceted roles in ischemic injury and repair.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere53658
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number108
Publication statusPublished - 12.02.2016


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