Intraoperative neuroprotective drugs without beneficial effects? Results of the german registry for acute aortic dissection type a (GERAADA)

Tobias Krüger*, Isabell Hoffmann, Maria Blettner, Michael Andrew Borger, Christian Schlensak, Ernst Weigang

*Corresponding author for this work
13 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: Cerebral protection during acute aortic dissection Type A (AADA) surgery may be affected by perfusion strategies and ischaemic protective drugs. METHODS: We analysed the impact of intraoperative barbiturate, steroid and mannitol use and adjunctive cerebral perfusion (CP), on 30-day mortality and new postoperative mortality-corrected permanent neurological dysfunction (PNDmc) in the German Registry for Acute Aortic Dissection Type A. RESULTS: Two thousand one hundred and thirty-seven AADA patients were registered over a 4-year period. The overall 30-day mortality was 16.9%, and the overall rate of PNDmc was 10.0%. A total of 48% of patients received no neuroprotective drugs (control group), steroid monotherapy was used in 11.2% of patients, barbiturates in 8.4%, mannitol in 7.3% and the remainder (25.1%) received a combination of these drugs. The PNDmc rate was 10.6% in the control group and lower (7.1%) in the steroid group (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.50; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.24-0.96; P = 0.049). No PNDmc reduction was observed for mannitol or barbiturates. Thirty-day mortality was 18.7% in the control group and with 8.9% lower (P = 0.003) in the mannitol group (adjusted OR 0.58; 95% CI 0.19-1.49; P = 0.295). Hypothermic circulatory arrest that exceeded 30 min was associated with an increased 30-day mortality rate (31.4%) compared with patients who received adjunctive CP >30 min during aortic arch intervention (21.4%) (P = 0.04). We were unable to demonstrate a significant protective effect of any neuroprotective drug on 30-day mortality, or PNDmc rates during prolonged (≥30 min) cerebral ischaemia. CONCLUSION: Mannitol may be associated with decreased mortality in patients undergoing AADA surgery. Steroid administration may be associated with improved neurological outcomes, but more investigation is required.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberezt182
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)939-946
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 01.11.2013
Externally publishedYes


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