Human blood group A and B glycosyltransferases (GTA, GTB) are retaining glycosyltransferases, requiring a catalytic mechanism that conserves the anomeric configuration of the hexopyranose moiety of the donor substrate (UDP-GalNAc, UDP-Gal). Previous studies have shown that GTA and GTB cycle through structurally distinct states during catalysis. Here, we link binding and release of substrates, substrate-analogs, and products to transitions between open, semi-closed, and closed states of the enzymes. Methyl TROSY based titration experiments in combination with zz-exchange experiments uncover dramatic changes of binding kinetics associated with allosteric interactions between donor-type and acceptor-type ligands. Taken together, this highlights how allosteric control of on- and off-rates correlates with conformational changes, driving catalysis to completion.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Infection and Inflammation Research (ZIEL)