Influence of the ratio of mean arterial pressure to right atrial pressure on outcome after successful percutaneous edge-to-edge repair for severe mitral valve regurgitation

Rico Osteresch*, Kathrin Diehl, Patrick Dierks, Johannes Schmucker, Azza Ben Ammar, Luis Alberto Mata Marin, Andreas Fach, Christian Frerker, Ingo Eitel, Rainer Hambrecht, Harm Wienbergen

*Corresponding author for this work
1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: It is important to identify further predictors of outcome after successful transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR), as optimal patient selection remains difficult. Objective: The study investigates the prognostic benefit of the mean arterial pressure (MAP) to right atrial pressure (RAP) ratio (MAP/RAP ratio) after successful TMVR in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and severe mitral regurgitation (MR). Method: Patients with CHF and severe MR were enrolled after successful TMVR (MR ≤ 2+ at discharge). The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality or hospitalisation for heart failure. The median follow-up time was 16 ± 9 months. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis was applied to assess the discriminatory power of the MAP/RAP ratio. The predictive value of the MAP/RAP ratio threshold was investigated using a Kaplan-Meier analysis. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate independent risk factors for the combined primary endpoint. Results: 145 patients (median age 76 [69–80 years], 60.3% male) were included. ROC curve analysis showed that MAP/RAP ratio was associated with an area under the curve of 0.62 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.53–0.71; p = 0.01). A MAP/RAP ratio threshold of 7.13 was associated with 67.4% sensitivity and 57.0% specificity for the combined primary endpoint. Event-free survival was significantly lower in the MAP/RAP ratio < 7.13 group compared to those with MAP/RAP ratio ≥ 7.13 (62.2% versus 39.4%; log-rank p = 0.022). In logistic regression analysis MAP/RAP ratio was an independent predictor for the combined primary endpoint (odds ratio 0.75; 95% CI 0.62–0.90; p = 0.002). Conclusions: The MAP/RAP ratio is associated with an unfavorable outcome in patients undergoing successful TMVR. Therefore, this new index could improve prognostic assessment of TMVR candidates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100903
JournalIJC Heart and Vasculature
Publication statusPublished - 12.2021

Research Areas and Centers

  • Centers: Cardiological Center Luebeck (UHZL)

DFG Research Classification Scheme

  • 205-12 Cardiology, Angiology

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