Introduction: Dynasilan is a fluoroalkylsilan that is able to interact with surface active centres on intraocular lenses (IOL), offering a new way for surface modification of different IOL materials. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the influence of this new surface modification on the adherence of two typical endophthalmitis causing bacteria (Staphylococcus epidermidis, Propionibacterium acnes). Materials and methods: In a pilot experiment, the effect of Dynasilan coating on the adherence of S. epidermidis was tested on glass slides. Forty-two Dynasilan-modified and 42 unmodified IOL (14 PMMA, 14 silicone and 14 hydrogel) were incubated at 37°C in brain heart infusion broth (108 CFU/ml) with either S. epidermidis for 24 h or with P. acnes for 1 h. Subsequently, the adherent bacteria were resuspended using ultrasonification at 35 kHz for 3×45 s. After dilution series and incubation at 37°C on Petri dishes for 24 h and 3 days, respectively, the colonies were counted. Results: In the pilot experiment, a markedly lower number of adherent S. epidermidis was observed on Dynasilan-modified glass slides. Of all IOL materials incubated with S. epidermidis, those modified with Dynasilan showed a lower mean number of adherent bacteria (mean 1.37×107; SD 2.37×107) than those untreated (2.43×107; SD 3.04×107).: IOLs incubated with P. acnes showed a significantly lower mean number of adherent bacteria of 2.51×104 (SD 2.71×104) on Dynasilan-modified IOLs versus 6.27×104 (SD 7.70×104) on untreated IOLs. Conclusion: The presented in vitro results indicate that Dynasilan surface modification is able to reduce the adherence of S. epidermidis and P. acnes on all IOL materials tested.: Further studies r egarding the stability of this modification and its biocompatibility must be performed.
|Journal||Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 01.09.2006|