In Austria, around ten new cases of laryngeal cancer can currently be expected per 100.000 persons each year whereas three out of 100.000 men develope hypopharyngeal cancer. Among women, the incidence in both types of carcinoma is lower by a factor of around 5. All in all, the rate of new cases seems to have been constant or to have slightly decreased in the last few years. Approximately 70% of all laryngeal cancer are glottic cancer, that is to say originating from the vocal cords. About 30% are supraglottic tumours, true subglottic cancers are very rare. The majority of hypopharyngeal tumours originate from the piriform sinuses.Vocal cord tumours lead to a typical symptom that can be early detected: hoarseness. Thus, voice problems in adults that persist for several weeks should therefore always checked by laryngoscopy. This leads to there being a real possibility of early diagnosis of laryngeal cancer, which means that today, approximately 60% of all laryngeal tumours can be diagnosed in stage I or II according to UICC or as intraepithelial lesions (former carcinoma in situ). In glottic cancer about 75% are diagnosed in these early stages, whereas in supraglottic tumours the rate is only about 30% and in hypopharyngeal cancer it is less then 15%. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemo- or immunotherapy are the principal types of oncological treatments currently available. The following conditions generally need to be met for curative surgical treatment options: • Local tumour, no systemic metastasis • Tumour has to be resectable in healthy margins • mortality/morbidity • Surgery must not lead to unreasonable mutilation • Lack of other therapeutic alternatives having an equal or lesser impact In the following pages, indications for the surgical treatment of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer will be discussed and the results of surgical therapy will be summarised briefly.
|Translated title of the contribution
|Surgical treatment options in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer
|Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
|Number of pages
|Published - 05.2008