Incidence, mortality and trends of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in Germany, the Netherlands, and Scotland

Ulrike Keim, Alexander Katalinic, Bernd Holleczek, Marlies Wakkee, Claus Garbe, Ulrike Leiter


Aim of the study Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) incidences are increasing but scarcely available separated. We analysed incidence rates of cSCC over three decades with an extrapolation to 2040. Methods Cancer registries from the Netherlands, Scotland and two federal states of Germany (Saarland/Schleswig-Holstein) were sourced for separate cSCC incidence data. Incidence and mortality trends between 1989/90 and 2020 were assessed using Joinpoint regression models. Modified age-period-cohort models were applied to predict incidence rates up to 2044. Rates were age-standardised using the new European standard population (2013). Results Age-standardised incidence rates (ASIR, per 100,000 persons per year) increased in all populations. The annual percent increase ranged between 2.4% and 5.7%. The highest increase occurred in the age groups ≥60 years, especially in men aged ≥80 years, with a three to 5-fold increase. Extrapolations up to 2044 showed an unrestrained increase in incidence rates in all countries investigated. Age-standardised mortality rates (ASMR) showed slight increases between 1.4 and 3.2% per year in Saarland and Schleswig-Holstein for both sexes and for men in Scotland. For the Netherlands, ASMRs remained stable for women but declined for men. Conclusion There was a continuous increase of cSCC incidence over three decades with no tendency for levelling-off, especially in the older populations as males ≥80 years. Extrapolations point to a further increasing number of cSCC up to 2044, especially among ≥60 years. This will have a significant impact on the current and future burden on dermatologic health care which will be faced with major challenges.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Pages (from-to)60-68
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 04.2023

Research Areas and Centers

  • Research Area: Center for Population Medicine and Public Health (ZBV)

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