Improving outcome after stroke: Overcoming the translational roadblock

Matthias Endres, Britta Engelhardt, Jari Koistinaho, Olle Lindvall, Stephen Meairs, Jay P. Mohr, Anna Planas, Nancy Rothwell, Markus Schwaninger, Martin E. Schwab, Denis Vivien, Tadeusz Wieloch, Ulrich Dirnagl*

*Corresponding author for this work
176 Citations (Scopus)


Stroke poses a massive burden of disease, yet we have few effective therapies. The paucity of therapeutic options stands contrary to intensive research efforts. The failure of these past investments demands a thorough re-examination of the pathophysiology of ischaemic brain injury. Several critical areas hold the key to overcoming the translational roadblock: (1) vascular occlusion: current recanalization strategies have limited effectiveness and may have serious side effects; (2) complexity of stroke pathobiology: therapy must acknowledge the 'Janus-faced' nature of many stroke targets and must identify endogenous neuroprotective and repair mechanisms; (3) inflammation and brain-immune-system interaction: inflammation contributes to lesion expansion, but is also instrumental in lesion containment and repair; stroke outcome is modulated by the interaction of the injured brain with the immune system; (4) regeneration: the potential of the brain for reorganization, plasticity and repair after injury is much greater than previously thought; (5) confounding factors, long-term outcome and predictive modelling. These 5 areas are linked on all levels and therefore need to be tackled by an integrative approach and innovative therapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)268-278
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 01.03.2008

Research Areas and Centers

  • Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)


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