Aims: To evaluate the impact of right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) on outcome after transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and severe functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). Methods and Results: One hundred thirty patients (median age 72.7 ± 10.7 years; 63.8% male) at high operative risk (LogEuroSCORE 23.8 ± 13.9%) with FMR and CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction 32 ± 7%) were enrolled and separated into two groups according to the RVD. RVD was assessed by the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) method (A: TAPSE ≤ 16 mm, n = 58; B: TAPSE > 16 mm, n = 72). The rate of successful reduction of mitral regurgitation (MR ≤2+) by TMVR was similar in both groups (94.6% vs 91.2%; P: n.s.) with low in-hospital major adverse event rates. During a median follow-up period of 10.5 ± 4 months, the Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a significantly higher all-cause mortality in group A (43.1% vs 23.6%; log-rank P = 0.039) and a significantly higher rate of hospital readmission due to congestive heart failure (56.9% vs 26.4%; log-rank P < 0.001). At long-term follow-up, 25% of patients in group A remained in NYHA functional class IV (none in group B). Preexisting RVD as assessed by TAPSE and Doppler tissue imaging (DTI-S‘) was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality after TMVR (hazard ratio 2.84; 95% confidence interval 1.15-7.65; P = 0.039; hazard ratio 4.70; 95% confidence interval 1.14-20.21; P = 0.044, respectively). Conclusions: Patients with CHF and RVD were with regard to functional capacity less often responder and showed an unfavorable long-term outcome. Thus, patients with CHF and RVD seem to benefit less frequently from TMVR.
Research Areas and Centers
- Academic Focus: Center for Brain, Behavior and Metabolism (CBBM)